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Chapter: 3 Chemistry
    Section: 3.11 Miscellaneous data
        SubSection: 3.11.3 Cooling agents

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3.11.3    Cooling agents

 Composition

θ/°C

Composition

θ/°C

Crushed ice 2 parts, sodium chloride 1 part

−18

    Liquid oxygen

−183

Crushed ice 3 parts, cryst. calcium chloride 4 parts

−48

    Liquid nitrogen

−196

Solid CO2 added to equal parts CCl4 and CHCl3

−80

    Liquid helium

−269

 

 

 

 


Ethylene glycol-water antifreeze

The values listed are ρ (kg m−3) and freezing temperature θ(°C) and % is the number of g of ethylene glycol in 100 g of solution.


%

ρ

θ

%

ρ

θ 

10

1010.8

−3.4

40

1051.4

−23.5

20

1024.1

−7.9

50

1063.9

−36.8

30

1037.5

−13.7  

60

1076.5

−52.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

E.F.G. Herington

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