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Chapter: 3 Chemistry
    Section: 3.6 Properties of solutions
        SubSection: 3.6.2 Solubilities of solids in water

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3.6.2 Solubilities of solids in water

Solubilities are expressed as 100 times the mass ratios mB/mw where mB is the mass of the solute substance B and mw is the mass of water in the solution saturated with the solid phase s as indicated.




Substance B 

s phase 

T/K

273.15

283.15

288.15

293.15

313.15

333.15

353.15

373.15

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

  

  

 

AgNO3   

  AgNO3

  117        

      162

  190

  218

    312

    441

  588

     733

BaCl2      

  BaCl2 ·2H2O

    31.6

        33 .3

    34.4

    35.7

      40.7

      46.4

    52.4

       58.8

BaO      

  Ba(OH)2 ·8H2O

      1.67

          2.48

      3.23

      3.89

        8.22

      20.94

   101.4

(CH2CO2H)2

  (CH2CO2H)2

      2.80

          4.51

      5.7

      6.9

      16.2

      35.8

     70.8

     125

CaO      

  Ca(OH)2

      0.137

         0.132

      0.128

      0.118

        0.104

        0.087

      0.063

         0.051

CdSO4    

  CdSO4 ·H2O

    75.6

        75 .9

    76.2

    76.4

      78.4

 

 

 

 

  CdSO4 ·H2O

 

 

 

 

 

      73.9

      68.8

       58.0

CuSO4    

  CuSO4 ·5H2O

    14.3

        17.4

    18.8

     20.7

      28.5

      40.0

      55.0

       75.4

HgCl2     

  HgCl2

      3.6

          4.8

      5.6

       6.5

      10.3

      16.3

      30.0

       61.3

KBr       

  KBr

    53.5

        59.5

    62.5

      65.2

      75.5

      85.5

      95.0

     104

KCl       

  KCl

    28.07

        31 .23

    32 .8

      34.2

      40.0

      45.8

      51.3

       56.3

KI        

  KI

  127.5   

      136

  140

    144

    160

    176

    192

     208

KNO3   

  KNO3

   13.3

        20.9

    25.8

      31.6

      63.9

    110

    169

     246

KOH     

  KOH ·2H2O

   95.7

      103

  107

    119

 

 

 

 

 

  KOH ·H2O

 

 

 

 

    138

       —

    161

     183

LiCl      

  LiCl

     1.54

          1.43

      1.38

        1.33

        1.17

       1.01

        0.85

         0.72

NH4Cl   

  NH4Cl

   29.4

        33.3

    35.2

      37.2

      45.8

     55.2

      65.6

       77.3

Na2CO3

  Na2CO3 ·10H2O

 

          7.0

    12.5

      16.4

      21.5

 

 

 

 

  Na2CO3  ·H2O

 

 

 

 

      48.5

     46.4

      45.8

       45.5

NaCl     

  NaCl

   35.7

        35.8

    35.9

      36.0

      36.6

     37.3

      38.4

       39.8

Na2SO4

  Na2SO4 ·10H2O

 

          5.0

      9.0

      13.4

      19.4

 

 

 

 

  Na2SO4

 

 

 

 

      48.8

     45.3

      43.7

       42.5

SrCl2

  SrCl2  ·6H2O

   43.5

        47.7

      —

      52.9

      65.3

     81.8

 

 

 

  SrCl2  ·2H2O

 

 

 

 

 

 

      90.5

     100.8

C12 H22 O11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

      (sucrose)

  C12H22O11

  179.2

      190.5

   197.0

    203.9

    238.1

   287.3

    362.1

     487.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 




M.L.McGlashan

 

 

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