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Table of Contents


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  1. Units and fundamental constants
  2. General physics
  3. Chemistry
  4. Atomic and nuclear physics
  5. Miscellaneous engineering data
  6. Statistical methods for the treatment of experimental data
  7. Laboratory safety
  8. Introduction to quality assurance of measurements
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About Kaye and Laby

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1 Units and fundamental constants

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| top |

   

1.1

 

Units

1.1.1

 

The international system of units (SI)

1.1.2

 

Realization of SI units

1.1.3

 

Relations between SI and other units

1.1.4

 

Standard specifications for units and quantities

1.1.5

 

Uncertainty of primary standards

     

1.2

 

Fundamental physical constants

1.2.1

 

Speed of electromagnetic waves

1.2.2

 

The constant of gravitation

1.2.3

 

Atomic constants

1.2.4

 

Mathematical functions

     
 
 

2 General physics

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Jump to sections listings in this chapter

  1. Measurement of mass, pressure and other mechanical quantities
  2. Mechanical properties of materials
  3. Temperature and heat
  4. Acoustics
  5. Radiation and optics
  6. Electricity and magnetism
  7. Astronomy and geophysics
       

2.1

 

Measurement of mass, pressure and other mechanical quantities | chapter top | page top |

2.1.1

 

Mass, volume and density

2.1.2

 

Barometry

2.1.3

 

The measurement of high pressures

2.1.4

 

Hygrometry

     

2.2

 

Mechanical properties of materials | chapter top | page top |

2.2.1

 

Densities

2.2.2

 

Elasticities and strengths

2.2.3

 

Viscosities

2.2.4

 

Mean velocity, free path and size of molecules

2.2.5

 

Surface tensions

2.2.6

 

Moh’s scale of mineral hardness

     

2.3

 

Temperature and heat | chapter top | page top |

2.3.1

 

The International Temperature Scale of 1990 (ITS-90)

2.3.2

 

Thermoelectric thermometry

2.3.3

 

Industrial platinum resistance thermometry

2.3.4

 

Optical pyrometry

2.3.5

 

Thermal expansion

2.3.6

 

Specific heat capacities

2.3.7

 

Thermal conductivities

     

2.4

 

Acoustics | chapter top | page top |

2.4.1

 

The speed and attenuation of sound

2.4.2

 

Physiological and subjective acoustics

2.4.3

 

Preferred frequencies for acoustical measurements

2.4.4

 

Building acoustics

2.4.5

 

Musical acoustics

2.4.6

 

Medical ultrasonics

     
2.5  

Radiation and optics | chapter top | page top |

2.5.1  

The electromagnetic spectrum

2.5.2  

Thermal radiation

2.5.3  

Photometry

2.5.4  

Colorimetry

2.5.5  

Wavelength standards

2.5.6  

Laser radiation

2.5.7  

Refractive index of gases

2.5.8  

Refractive index of optical materials

2.5.9  

Light reflection

2.5.10  

Optical rotation

2.5.11  

Electro-optic materials

2.5.12  

Properties of optical fibres

     
2.6  

Electricity and magnetism | chapter top | page top |

2.6.1  

Electrical resistivities

2.6.2  

Resistance alloys and wire resistances

2.6.3  

Electrical insulating materials

2.6.4  

Superconductivity

2.6.5  

Dielectric properties of materials

2.6.6  

Magnetic properties of materials

     
2.7  

Astronomy and geophysics | chapter top | page top |

2.7.1  

Astronomical and atomic time systems

2.7.2  

Astronomical units and constants

2.7.3  

The Solar System

2.7.4  

Physical properties of the Earth

2.7.5  

Gravity

2.7.6  

Geomagnetism

2.7.7  

Cosmic rays

2.7.8  

The atmosphere

2.7.9  

Physical properties of sea water

2.7.10  

The geological timescale

     
 
 

3 Chemistry

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  1. The elements
  2. Properties of inorganic compounds
  3. Properties of organic compounds
  4. Vapour pressures
  5. Critical constants and second virial coefficients of gases
  6. Properties of solutions
  7. Properties of chemical bonds
  8. Molecular spectroscopy
  9. Electrochemistry
  10. Chemical thermodynamics
  11. Miscellaneous data
       
3.1  

The elements | chapter top | page top |

3.1.1  

The periodic table of the elements with atomic numbers

3.1.2  

Properties of the elements

3.1.3  

Abundances of the elements

3.1.4  

Composition of the Earth’s atmosphere

     
3.2  

Properties of inorganic compounds | chapter top | page top |

     
3.3  

Properties of organic compounds | chapter top | page top |

     
3.4  

Vapour pressures | chapter top | page top |

3.4.1  

Vapour pressure of ice at temperatures between -100 and 0 °C

3.4.2  

Vapour pressure of water at temperatures between 0 and 360 °C

3.4.3  

Vapour pressures of some liquids of low volatility

3.4.4  

Vapour pressures from 0.2 to 101.325 kPa

3.4.5  

Vapour pressures from 0.2 to 6 MPa

     
3.5  

Critical constants and second virial coefficients of gases | chapter top | page top |

     
3.6  

Properties of solutions | chapter top | page top |

3.6.1  

Solubilities of gases in water

3.6.2  

Solubilities of solids in water

3.6.3  

Densities ρ of aqueous solutions

     
3.7  

Properties of chemical bonds | chapter top | page top |

3.7.1  

Dipole moments and dipole lengths

3.7.2  

Bond lengths and dissociation enthalpies of diatomic molecules

3.7.3  

Bond length and angles in polyatomic molecules

3.7.4  

Bond-dissociation enthalpies in polyatomic molecules

3.7.5  

Atomic radii

3.7.6  

Ionic radii

3.7.7  

Crystal structures

3.7.8  

Atomic spectroscopy

     
3.8  

Molecular spectroscopy | chapter top | page top |

3.8.1  

Nuclear moments and magnetic resonance

3.8.2  

Nmr chemical shifts in diamagnetic molecules

3.8.3  

Nuclear spin relaxation time

3.8.4  

The Mössbauer effect

3.8.5  

Infrared and Raman spectrophotometry

3.8.6  

Mass spectrometry

3.8.7  

UV-visible spectroscopy

     
3.9  

Electrochemistry | chapter top | page top |

3.9.1  

Standard solutions for calibrating conductivity vessels

3.9.2  

Conductivities

3.9.3  

Standard potentials at 25 °C

3.9.4  

Ionization constant (molal ionic product), Kw, of water at 0-60 °C

3.9.5  

pH values

3.9.6  

Activity coefficients

3.9.7  

Acidity constants

3.9.8  

Solubility products in aqueous solutions

3.9.9  

Stability constants in aqueous solutions

     
3.10  

Chemical thermodynamics | chapter top | page top |

3.10.1  

Standard molar heat capacities and properties of melting and evaporation of the elements

3.10.2  

Standard molar heat capacities of some inorganic solids

3.10.3  

Standard molar heat capacities of some gases

3.10.4  

Cryoscopic and ebullioscopic constants and enthalpies of fusion and of evaporation of some common solvents

3.10.5  

Standard thermodynamic functions for pure inorganic substances, for aqueous ions and for pure organic substances

     
3.11  

Miscellaneous data | chapter top | page top |

3.11.1  

Properties of polymers

3.11.2  

Some characteristics of common glasses

3.11.3  

Cooling agents

3.11.4  

Calorific values of solid, liquid and gaseous fuels

3.11.5  

Flammability of gases and vapours

     
 
 

4 Atomic and nuclear physics

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Jump to sections listings in this chapter

  1. Electrons in atoms
  2. Absorption of photons
  3. Work function
  4. Free electrons and ions in gases
  5. Absorption of particles and dosimetry
  6. Radioactive elements
  7. Nuclear fission and fusion, and neutron interactions
  8. Nuclei and particles
       
4.1  

Electrons in atoms | chapter top | page top |

4.1.1  

Arrangement of electrons in atoms

4.1.2  

Ionization potentials

4.1.3  

Auger spectroscopy

4.1.4  

X-ray photoemission spectroscopy

     
4.2  

Absorption of photons | chapter top | page top |

4.2.1  

X-ray absorption edges, characteristic X-ray lines and fluorescence yields

4.2.2  

Attenuation of photons

     
4.3  

Work function | chapter top | page top |

     
4.4  

Free electrons and ions in gases | top |

4.4.1  

Ionic mobility

4.4.2  

Electron mobility

4.4.3  

Ionic recombination

4.4.4  

Ionic diffusion

4.4.5  

Electron diffusion

4.4.6  

Electron collisions

     
4.5  

Absorption of particles and dosimetry | chapter top | page top |

4.5.1  

Range and stopping power of ions in various materials

4.5.2  

Attenuation length of electrons in solids

4.5.3  

Range of electrons and beta particles

4.5.4  

Radiation quantities and units

     
4.6  

Radioactive elements | chapter top | page top |

4.6.1  

Table of nuclides

4.6.2  

The radioactive series and their precursors

4.6.3  

Radioactive sources

     
4.7  

Nuclear fission and fusion, and neutron interactions | chapter top | page top |

4.7.1  

Nuclear fission

4.7.2  

Neutron cross-sections

4.7.3  

Attenuation of fast neutrons: neutron moderation and diffusion

4.7.4  

Nuclear fusion

     
4.8  

Nuclei and particles | chapter top | page top |

4.8.1  

Size of atomic nuclei

4.8.2  

Rutherford scattering

4.8.3  

Magnetic and electrostatic deflection of charged particles

4.8.4  

Subatomic particles

     
 
 

5 Miscellaneous engineering data

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5.1  

Screw threads

     
5.2  

Standard wire sizes

     
5.3  

Indentation hardness testing

     
 
 

6 Statistical methods for the treatment of experimental data

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6.1  

Statistical methods for the treatment of experimental data

   
 
 

7 Laboratory safety

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7.1  

Note on laboratory safety

   
 
 

8 Introduction to quality assurance of measurements

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8.1  

The approach to quality

   
8.2  

Resources

   
8.3  

The measurement procedure

   
8.4  

The measurement

   
8.5  

Monitoring and auditing

   
8.6  

Quality control and proficiency testing in chemical laboratories

   
8.7  

Auditing, certification and accreditation

   
8.8  

Documentation and records

   
8.9  

Bibliography

   


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